|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2022
Note 16: Income Taxes
As a result of the Business Combinations, substantially all the Company’s assets and operations are held and conducted by P3 LLC and its subsidiaries, and the Company’s only assets are equity interests in P3 LLC. P3 LLC is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal and most applicable state and local income tax jurisdictions. As a partnership, P3 LLC is generally not subject to U.S. federal, state, and local income taxes. Any taxable income or loss generated by P3 LLC is passed through to and included within the taxable income or loss of its members in accordance with the terms of the P3 LLC A&R LLC Agreement. Prior to the Business Combinations, the income and losses of P3 LLC was passed through to its members and nontaxable to P3 LLC.
The Company is taxed as a corporation and pays corporate federal, state, and local taxes on income allocated to it from P3 LLC based on the Company’s economic interest held in P3 LLC. While the Company consolidates P3 LLC for financial purposes, the Company will not be taxed on the earnings attributed to the non-controlling interests. As a result, the income tax burden on the earnings taxed on the non-controlling interests is not reported by the Company in its financial statements.
To calculate the interim tax provision, at the end of each interim period, the Company estimates the annual effective tax rate and applies that to its ordinary quarterly earnings. The effect of changes in the enacted tax laws or rates is recognized in the interim period in which the change occurs. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and judgements including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, permanent differences between book and tax amounts, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained, or the tax environment changes.
During the current quarter, the Company impaired goodwill related to the intangible asset recorded at P3 LLC in the amount of $851.5 million. The impairment reduced the book basis of the Company's investment in P3 LLC such that the recognition of a deferred tax asset on the outside book and tax basis investment difference resulted. The deferred tax asset related to the investment on P3 LLC has been simultaneously reduced fully by an increase to the recorded valuation allowance due to both cumulative losses in recent years of the Company, and the capital character for income tax purposes of the outside basis difference such that the Company would need sufficient capital character gains for income tax purposes to realize the tax over book outside basis difference. Prior to the impairment, the outside basis difference was an unrecognized deferred tax liability due to the amount of book goodwill more than tax goodwill for which a recognition exception applied. The amount of the deferred tax asset and offsetting valuation allowance related to the outside basis difference for the investment in P3 LLC is an estimated $0.6 million.
No income tax expenses were incurred for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The Company continues to be in a net operating loss and deferred tax asset position. As a result, and in accordance with accounting standards, the Company recorded a valuation allowance to reduce the value of the net deferred tax assets to zero. The Company’s effective tax rate for the six-months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 was 0.00%. There was no uncertain tax provision nor contingencies as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
Tax Receivable Agreement
Pursuant to our election under Section 754 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”), we expect to obtain an increase in our share of the tax basis in the net assets of P3 LLC when its units are redeemed or exchanged. We intend to treat any redemptions and exchanges of P3 LLC units as direct purchases of the units for U.S. federal income tax purposes. These increases in tax basis may reduce the amounts that we would otherwise pay in the future to various tax authorities. They may also decrease gains (or increase losses) on future dispositions of certain capital assets to the extent the tax basis is allocated to those capital assets.
The Company entered into a TRA with selling equity holders of P3 LLC that require the Company to pay 85% of the tax savings that are realized as a result of (i) the Company’s direct and indirect allocable share of existing tax basis acquired in the Business Combinations, (ii) increases in the tax basis in P3 LLC’s assets as a result of the sale and exchange of the P3 LLC units for the Company’s Class A Common Stock and cash, and (iii) the Company’s utilization of certain tax attributes and of certain other tax benefits, including those attributable to payments under the TRA. The Company will retain the benefit of the remaining 15% of these cash savings.
The timing and amount of aggregate payments due under the TRA may vary based on a number of factors, including the timing and amount of taxable income generated by the Company each year, as well as the tax rate then applicable, among other factors. Actual tax benefits realized by the Company may differ from tax benefits calculated under the TRA as a result of the use of certain assumptions in the TRA, including the use of an assumed weighted-average state and local income tax rate to calculate tax benefits.
The payment obligation under the TRA is an obligation of the Company and not of P3 LLC. The payments that we will be required to make will generally reduce the amount of the overall cash flow that might have otherwise been available, but we expect the cash tax savings we will realize from the utilization of the related tax benefits will exceed the amount of any required payments.
As a result of the Business Combinations, the potential future tax benefits are estimated to be $5.4 million, of which $4.6 million is estimated to be the associated TRA liability.
As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company did not record a TRA liability related to the tax savings it would realize from the utilization of such deferred tax assets because it is not probable that such a liability would be paid based on its estimates of future taxable income, consistent with the Company’s conclusion that it is not more-likely-than-not to realize its deferred tax assets.
As non-controlling interest holders exercise their right to exchange their units in P3 LLC, a TRA liability may be recorded based on 85% of the estimated future tax benefits that the Company may realize as a result of increases in the tax basis of P3 LLC. The amount of the increase in the tax basis, the related estimated tax benefits, and the related TRA liability to be recorded will depend on the price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock at the time of the relevant redemption or exchange.